Sunday, October 8, 2017

School of Al-Nizamiyya in Baghdad

In the year 459/1067, Nizam al-Mulk built a large madrasah in Baghdad that became known as the Nizamiyya, marking the beginning of what later developed into a vast network of Nizamiyyas throughout the empire.

This was the first of a series of Nizamiyyas across the Seljuk Empire, publicly endowed with stipends for student and salaries for teachers.

There were also Nizamiyya in Nishapur, in Amul, Mosul, Herat, Damascus, Jazirat Ibn Umar, Balkh, Ghazna, Marv and Basra. These were probably not all funded by Nizam al-Mulk as a private individual but were at least partly paid for and endowed by the royal revenue of which he had control.
The purpose was to strengthen Sunni Islam. Important figures such as al-Ghazali (1058-1111) taught at these Nizamiyyas; al-Ghazali taught for four years at the one in Bagdad and then for a short period at the one in Nishapur.

The teaching programme of the Baghdad Nizamiyya comprised the Quran, hadith, usul-fiqh, according to Shafii rite, kalam, adab, mathematics and laws of inheritance.
School of Al-Nizamiyya in Baghdad
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