Sunday, April 12, 2015

History of university

A university, by definition, is an institution of advanced education and research that grants academic degree.

The original Latin word universitas was used at the time of the origin of urban town life and medieval guilds. The original Latin word referred to degree-granting institutions of learning in western Europe, where this form of organization was prevalent.

One of the oldest and largest universities was Nalanda University in India. It was flourishes for almost 800 hundreds years from 500 to 1300 AD. It was considered a lighthouse of wisdom and learning. Nalanda was maintained by the revenue from seven villages granted by the king for the purpose.

Another educational institution is Al-Azhar University, founded in Cairo 972 the world’s oldest university. It was first established as a mosque but was also a center for both religious and secular studies.

The oldest universities in Europe arose spontaneously during the 12th and 13th century.  They were form by the zeal and enterprise of learned men, who undertook to deliver instruction to all who were desirous of hearing them.

The first teacher soon found assistants and rivals: students resorted in great numbers to the sources of knowledge thus opened to them and from this voluntary concourse of teachers and learners the school arose, which were afterwards recognized as public bodies and entitled Universities.

The first universities in Europe were the University of Bologna (1088) the University of Paris (1150), the University of Oxford (1167), the University of Palencia (1208) and the University of Cambridge (1209).
History of university

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