Saturday, March 26, 2016

Origin University of Cambridge

Cambridge, which takes its name from the river Cam or Grant and the bridge over it, was a British settlement and the high artificial hill within the bounds of the castle has been supposed by many to be a specimen of British labor. It was anciently a large and popular city and a well fortified station of the Romans.

Cambridge was founded by Cantaber, a king of the East Saxons, who had been educated at Athens. It is generally agreed, that Sigebert, King of the East Angles, institute a school for the instruction of youth, at Cambridge, about the year 630; but this ought, perhaps, rather to be considered as a grammar school than as a classical and learned seminary.

William I, the first Norman King entrusted the education of his younger son, afterwards King Henry I, to governors of the school, under whom he improved so much as to obtain the name Beauclerc, or learned student.

However, the foundation of the university was directly the result of the exodus of master and scholars for oxford in 1209.

A disturbance in Oxford in December 1209 led to the hanging of two scholars by the town authorities and thus in turn prompted the scholars there to remove themselves to Paris, Reading and to Cambridge.

Cambridge was convenient for ex-Oxonians of eastern origin. Among the earliest Cambridge masters were John of Foxton, Adam Horningsea, John of Stortford and others with nearby place names.  Cambridge continued until the twentieth century to recruit very heavily from the eastern countries.

Teaching had happened at Cambridge as early as 1202. It was recognized as a universitas in 1233 and as a studium generale in 1290.
Origin University of Cambridge

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