Monday, September 1, 2014

Education in ancient Egypt

The first state to recognize the necessity of education was ancient Egypt. The education here was not popular education. The Ancient Egyptians had no care of the populace; they educated only their officials.

Only boys from rich families attended school. They started when they were four. They would study reading, writing and math.

Educationally, the Egyptians were both worldly and otherworldly. Although preoccupied with the supernatural, they developed technologies to irrigate the Nile Valley and to design and build Egypt’s massive pyramids and temples.

To administer and defend their vast empire, they studied civil administration and military tactics. Their obsession with mummification led them to study medicine, anatomy and embalming.

The Egyptian educational system was famed in antiquity because it attempted to create a person who not only possessed scientific or scholarly attributes but could also exhibit self-control, good manners and morals and who would be a useful member of society.

The government consisted of the departments of state, treasury and justice. Each of these departments had its own schools, in which young men were trained for the work of the department.  Education was basically a privilege of elite males, who were taught Egyptian cultural knowledge and the writing system.

The ancient educational system in Egypt was administered and controlled by the intellectual priests in the theocratic form of government who prevent the multiplicity of culture.

The core curriculum comprised of science, mathematics, medicine, geometry, and humanities that were in the hands of the Egyptian priests who taught in formal schools.
Education in ancient Egypt

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