Thursday, January 2, 2014

The oldest university in the world: University of al-Karaouine

Founded in 859 by the princess Fatima al-Fihri, the University of al-Karaouine in Fez is arguably the oldest degree-granting university in the world.

Although it started with courses on Islamic law and theology, the university became a center for scholars studying logic, philosophy, natural science, astronomy, and mathematics. 

The cartographers Mohammad al-Idrisi whose maps aided European exploration in the Renaissance is said to have live in Fez for some time, suggesting that he may work or studied at al-Karaouine.

The university has produced numerous scholars who have strongly influenced the intellectual and academic history of the Muslim world.

The university had close links with religious and political leaders in Islamic Spain, and the exchange of ideas between the scholars of Al-Karaouine and European visitors may have held to the introduction of many innovations and inventions from the Islamic World to Christian centers of learning.

The mosque that Fatima al-Fihri initially built had a mihrab, four naves, a small court, and a relatively small minaret; however, across the centuries, the mosque grew in both physical size and importance.

Between the tenth and twelfth centuries, it became one of the leading institutions in the entire world.
The oldest university in the world: University of al-Karaouine
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

The most popular articles

Other articles around the world

  • Currently five types of protozoa are of concern: Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium parvum, Naegleria and Acanthamoeba. Entamoeba hist...
  • Operating system is the most important piece of software in a computer. The operating system is the software responsible for mediating the control of all t...
  • Rose-Krasnor in 1997 defines social competence as “effectiveness in interaction, considered from both self and other perspectives. Social competence is vie...

SAF-DYNAMICS of Food Science and Technology