The origin of the academy at Cos probably dates from sixth century BC. It was centered on the island of Cos, one of the most eastern of the Greek islands; it lies close to the coast of what is now Turkey, midway between Samos and Rhodes.
The medical academy at Cos aimed at prognosis by a general study of the symptoms and signs of known diseases. It centered its attention on the patient and his individual reaction to the disease, seeing the clinical manifestations as the product of the interaction between the morbid process itself and the healing or naturally restorative powers of the body.
The academy of Cos, the so called Coan School, had a rival, situated on the opposite peninsula at Cnidus. The Cnidian focus was in the disease, while that of Hippocrates was on patient. Scholars also believed that Medical Academy at Cos had innovated in the field of dietetics.
Medical Academy at Cos